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Energy Studies | 14th Jul, 2023

Understanding Germany's electricity price developments in H1 2023

Although Renewables have gained significant ground in 2023, their revenue streams may be on the verge of getting compromised. 

Reading time : 3 min

Written by

Tomás Oliveira

Capture and Wholesale Prices in Germany have decreased significantly in 2023 compared to 2022. But why is this happening?


Capture and Wholesale Prices

Recent data analysis shows a significant price drop in Capture and Wholesale Prices for Solar PV and Wind energy in Germany during the first half of 2023, compared to the previous year during the same period. Factors such as political events and a mild winter have been major contributors to this deviation.

Average monthly Solar PV and Wind Capture and Wholesale Prices in Germany


Share of Solar PV and Wind in Germany's electricity mix

In the first half of 2023, Germany achieved a record share of renewable energy in its electricity generation (57,7%). Solar PV and Wind both experienced growth, indicating a positive trend in the utilisation of renewable energy sources in the country.

Share of Solar PV and Wind in Germany's electricity mix


Cumulative electricity generation capacity of Solar PV and Wind

Germany has increased its generation capacity for Solar PV and Wind energy in 2023 compared to the previous year, which is likely to have contributed to the drop in Capture Prices due to the cannibalization effect.

Cumulative electricity generation capacity in Germany


Solar PV and Wind total electricity generation in Germany

There was a slight decrease (- 1 TWh) in the total electricity generation from solar and wind energy sources in Germany's electricity market during the first half of 2023 compared to the same period in 2022, which usually leads to higher capture rates.

Solar PV and Wind total electricity generation in Germany


Electricity consumption 

Electricity consumption in Germany during the first half of 2023 was 7% lower than in 2022. Given its crucial effect on price fluctuations, it is likely one of the main causes that have led to the decrease of power prices.

Electricity consumption in Germany


Futures - How markets are reacting to the movement of electricity prices? 

By examining the prices quoted in Futures contracts, it is possible to gain insights into the market's future power price expectations.

German average Futures electricity prices

According to the data shown in the various figures, the notable shift in Futures price patterns between H1 2022 and H1 2023 have only slightly been attributed to renewable electricity generation and capacity fluctuations. More importantly, there were shifts in non-renewable prices (e.g. gas prices drop), weather patterns, and a significant decrease in electricity consumption. Moreover, factors like policy changes (e.g. the OPEC production cuts), weather conditions, and geopolitical events (such as the Russian invasion of Ukraine) are likely to have been linked to the current electricity price movement in the German electricity market.

Special thanks to Fraunhofer-GesellschaftStatistisches Bundesamt, Destatis, and OMIP - The Iberian Energy Derivatives Exchange for providing the public data sets used in this analysis.


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